It is a city South East of Peru and is the capital of the Madre de Dios department. It is located on the border of the Madre de Dios river formerly called Amaru Mayo. It has the official title of capital of the biodiversity in Peru due to the great flora and fauna found in the forests of this department, especially in Manu.
The most important attractions are the Mirador de la Biodiversity built in the center of the city and from where you can observe an incredible panoramic view of the jungle and rivers along with the urban progress. In addition we have the famous macaw collpas in the river Tambopata, the beautiful Sandoval lake, the monkey island, the native community Infierno, the landscapes from Puerto Capitanía and above all the aimiable and spirited people of Puerto Maldonado.
In the natural reserve of Tambopata there is an enormous variety of species like the seawolf of the river, the gigantic otters, the anaconda, small tigers, ocelots, sachavaca, paujil, jaguar, wild boars, pacarana, yungunturu, eagle, and the macaw. Some of these species are in danger of extinction.
In the Tambopata reserve there are at least 630 bird species which make it an ideal place for bird watching; there are also more than one hundred species of amphibious creatures, 169 species of mammals and more than 200 species of fishes, 103 species of reptiles, 112 types of butterflies. For this reason the reserve is considered one of the zones with the greatest fauna biodiversity in the world.
It is one of the regions of the world with more biodiversity. In Manu we can find all the variety of ecological levels existing in the Amazonas and it is therefore one of the most protected areas. In one hectare of land more than 250 species of trees have been found.
In the Manu reserve we can record 222 species of mammals and 1005 species of birds. It is located at the confluence of rivers Manu and Madre de Dios and its extension goes from the 300 meters over sea level up to 3800 m in the summit of Apu Kañajhuay mountain. Some researchers believe that the virgin zones of this reserve is locate Paititi , the lost city of the incas.